General Information About Nepal
Located between two Asian giants, China and India, Nepal traditionally has been characterized as 'a yam caught between two rocks'.
The country is famous for the majestic Himalayas and astonishing geographic beauty that includes pristine forests, crystal clear lakes, towering peaks and ancient valley cities.
Nepal is a landlocked country situated in South Asia, between China in North and India in South.
Area 147,181 sq km.
Boundary 2,926 km.
Land Arable: 17%
Irrigated: 8,500 sq sm.
Nepal Country Code +977
Internet Domain .np
National Flower Rhododendron
national Bird Danphe, Monal, Pheasant, Lophophorus, ImSpeyanus
National Colour Crimson-red (Simrik)
Climate In Nepal
Cool summers and severe winters in north to sub-tropical summers and mild winters in south.
Time GMT + 5 hours 45 minutes.
Population In Nepal
Total 24,546,861 (2003 Census)
Growth Rate 2.24%
Structure Male : 115,63,921
Female : 115,87,502
Male 58.84 yrs
Female 57.35 yrs
Though Nepal has witnessed great political instabilities in the recent past, the country has a strong base of Multi Party Democracy.
Multi Party Democracy.
Head of State:
Head of Government:
Combined Legislative House of Representative 601 National Assembly members.
Judiciary Supreme Court, Appellate Court: 11, District court: 75
Administrative Division Development region: 5, Zone: 14, District: 75
Places to Visit in Nepal
Kathmandu, the capital and the largest city of Nepal, derives its name from Kasthmandap or "house of wood" a pagoda-style temple. A few steps away is the Temple of the Living Goddess, where the clients may catch a glimpse of the Kumari at one of the open windows overlooking the inner courtyard. All around the splendour of historical monuments is the hustle & bustle of the market place. Vegetable vendors, trees of flutes, salesmen with their wares displayed on their person, souvenir hawkers, street shop selling imported goods and tucked away in a quiet corner the glittering bead market for custom made bead necklaces.
Patan is also known as Lalitpur or the "city of fine arts" and is the oldest city in the valley. This Buddhist City is said to have been founded by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BC. Patan is the cradle of arts and architecture of the valley, a great center both of the Newari Buddhist religion and of traditional arts & crafts with 136 bahals or courtyards and 55 major temples. Well known among these are the Krishna Mandir, Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, Kumbheshwar temple, Jagatnarayan temple & the Mahabouddha temple. Patan is enclosed within 4 Buddhist stupas set on the four-corners of the outer boundaries of this ancient city. A tour of Patan would also include a visit to the Tibetan refugee village to witness the hand weaving of Tibetan carpets using age-old methods of dyeing and finishing. Three or four persons at each loom weaving traditional designs, chatting & singing can also be seen here.
Bhaktapur or Bhadgaon meaning the "city of devotees" lies 14 km east of Kathmandu. It is the home of medieval art & architecture and still retains its rich medieval aroma. A city of farmers, Bhaktapur is also known for it's pottery and weaving. Bhaktapur is the most charming and the best preserved of the valley?s three cities. The intricately carved temples, alleyways and timeless atmosphere of this place is simply intriguing. The major sightseeing places in Bhaktapur include Durbar Square, the Golden Gate, Palace of 55 windows, Bell of the barking dogs, Nyatapole Temple, Bhairavanath Temple, Dattatrya Temple, Pujari Math etc;
The stupa of Bodhanath lies 8 km east of Kathmandu. It is the biggest Stupa in Nepal and is located on flat land and encircled by houses & monasteries, where Rinpoches reside. This colossal Stupa is set on concentric ascending terraces in the powerful pattern of a Mandala. Around the base of this strikingly enormous and simple stupa is a ring of 108 images of the Buddha and 147 insets containing prayer wheels.
Economy Of Nepal
Nepal is a developing country. The major industries in Nepal are tourism, handicraft, agriculture and water resources.
GDP Composition Agriculture: 40%, Industry: 22%, Services: 37%
GDP Real Growth Rate 4.9% (2000-2001)
Average Inflation Rate 2.1% (2000-2001)
Per Capita Income $ 240 (Rs 17,718) for (2000-2001), $236 (Rs 18,083) estimate for(2001-2002)